Survey Instrument for Jewish Cemetery in Zemun

I. The Town: Present Circumstances

1. Present name of town:


2. Address of cemetery:

Sibinjanin Janka no. 5 & Cara Dušana 32

3. former names of town

German: Semlin

Hungarian: Zimony

Roman: Taurunum

4. Province


5. Longitude and Latitude

44°83' N
20°50' E

6. Distance from center

600 m

7. Present town population

 over 100,000

8. Present Jewish population


II. Contact People

9. Names of town officials (mayor, administrator, etc.) and offices (municipal office, records office, etc.) with addresses and telephone numbers

City Belgrade the municipal assembly of Zemun, Magistratski trg no. 1, 11080 Zemun, tel + 011 2610 404, +011 613-474,+381 11 2612 879 i +381 11 3160 909, e-mail:

10. Names of local conservation

Zavod za zaštitu spomenika kulture grada Beograda (Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments), Kalemegdan no.14

Milana Jočić, +381 11 2631-766, +381 11 3287 411

11. Names of regional preservation

Republički zavod za zaštitu spomenika kulture Srbije (State Bureau for Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia), Božidara Adžije St. 17, +011 454-766, director Omčikus

12. Names of organizations interested in site

Savez Jevrejskih opština Srbije - FEDERATION OF JEWISH COMMUNITIES IN SERBIA ,Jevrejska opština Zemun –Jewish community in Zemun

13. If the Jewish cemetery is locked, who has key?

Entrance from Cara Dušana street is locked. Keys are in possession of Mr. Predrag Srećković,
mob. tel. +381 63 7168091

14. If the Jewish cemetery has a caretaker, give name and address

Predrag Srećković, 32, Cara Dušana St.

15. List other individuals who may have information about the cemetery.

Nenad Fogel & Ria Beherano, Dubrovačka St. no. 21 11080 Zemun, SCG, jozemun@eunet.yu , sfogel@eunet.yu , tel/fax  + 381 11 195 626

III. History

16. Date of earliest known Jewish community in town


17. Jewish population as of last census before World War II

around 600

18. Noteworthy individuals who lived in this Jewish community

Yehuda Ben Shlomo Hai Alkalai

Oto Bihalji Merin

Pavle Bihaly

Dr Hinko Urbach

Moric Binder

Moses Farchy

Isak Levi

Dr. Arnold Schön

Lazar Sonnenfeld

Albert Weiss

David Albahari

19. Date Jewish cemetery was established


20. Tzadakkim and other noteworthy Jews buried in cemetery

Simon Herzl – grandfather of Teodora Herzl

Oto Bihalji Merin

Isidor Weiss

Gabriel Polgar

Jakov Čelebi

Isak Levi

Alexandar Franck

Willim Scheer

Andjelko Tajtacek

21. Type of Jewish community which used this cemetery

mix community

22. Did communities from other towns and villages use this cemetery? 


23. Is the cemetery listed and/or protected as a local, regional or national landmark or monument?


IV. Location, Markers, Access, Security

24. The cemetery location is


25. The cemetery is located

on flat land

26. The cemetery is

separate, but near other cemeteries

27. The cemetery is reached by

turning directly off a public road

28. Access to the cemetery is

open to all

29. The cemetery is surrounded by

 a continuous masonry wall

 a broken fence

 no wall or fence

30. The cemetery has

a gate that locks


VI. Appearance and Condition of Cemetery

31. Approximate size of cemetery before World War II in hectares

0,477 ha

32. Present size of cemetery in hectares


0,400 ha

33. Approximate number of gravestones in cemetery, regardless of condition or position


34. Approximate number of gravestones in original locations, regardless of condition


35. Approximate number of stones in cemetery, but not in original locations


36. Approximate percentage of surviving stones toppled or broken, whether or not in original locations

less than 10%

37. Is the location of stones that have been removed from the cemetery from the cemetery known

yes  in the same cemetery

38. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is

not a problem

39. Water drainage at the cemetery is


good all year round (not a problem)

VI. Tombstones and Memorial Markers

40. Tombstones in the cemetery are datable from

18th century

19th century

20th century

41. Tombstones and memorial markers are made of






42. The cemetery contains tombstones that are

flat shaped stones

finely smoothed and inscribed stones

flat stones with carved relief decoration

double tombstones

multi-stone monuments

horizontally set stones with Sephardic inscriptions


43. The cemetery has tombstones        

with other metallic elements

portraits on stones

metal fences around graves

44. Inscriptions on tombstones are in







45. The cemetery contains special memorial monuments to


Holocaust victims

fascism victims

46. The cemetery contains


marked mass graves

VII. Current Use of Cemetery Site

47. The present owner of the cemetery property is

Jewish community Zemun

48. The cemetery property is now used for


Jewish cemetery use only

49. Properties adjacent to cemetery are



50. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose


a smaller area

51. The cemetery is visited


52.  The cemetery is visited by

private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish)

local residents

VIII. Care and Restoration of the Cemetery

53. The cemetery is known to have been vandalized (stones overturned, broken or stolen; graffiti painted on walls or stones, etc.; graves desecrated)


occasionally, between 1981 and 2005

54. What care has been taken of the cemetery?

re-erection of stones

patching of broken stones

cleaning of stones

clearing of vegetation

fixing of gate

55. If restoration has been carried out, who was responsible for the work?



56.  If restoration work was carried out, when was it done?


July 2005.

57. How is the cemetery cared for now?


regular caretaker

58. If there is a caretaker, how is he paid?


paid by the Jewish Communty in  Zemun

IX. Structures

59. Within the limits of the cemetery


there is a pre-burial house

60. If there is a pre-burial houses, its has

a catafalque

a chimney

X. Recommendations

rate the problems facing this cemetery, using the following code:

1 = no threat

2 = slight threat

3 = moderate threat

4 = serious threat

5 = very serious threat

61.  Security                                         4         

     (uncontrolled access)

62.  Weather erosion                            1         

63.  Pollution                                        3                     

64.  Vegetation                                     1         

65.  Vandalism                                     4

     (destruction or defacement

     of stones and graves)                      

66.  Incompatible nearby

     development (existing)                     1         


provide specific information on threats rated 4 (serious)

Although the cemetery is locked after certain evening hours it does not stop unwanted visitors to enter through broken fence at our side of the cemetery. We believe that are no serious barriers to enter from other sides. Wire net on our fence is deliberately moved apart for obvious reasons of entering the graveyard. As a consequence we are faced with serious vandalism for the past ten years and more. Many monuments are deliberately broken, various anti-Semitic graffiti are written etc. There were also attempts of opening some of the graves.

XI. Survey Background

67. Name, address and telephone numbers of person or persons completing this survey

Nenad Fogel, Dubrovačka 21, 11080 Zemun, Srbija i Crna Gora, + 381 11 195 626

XII. Basis for completing the survey

68. What documentation was used to complete this survey?

Book “Jevrejska zajednica u Zemunu 1739 – 1945” ("Jewish Community in Zemun 1739 – 1945"), author Danilo Fogel

Archive of Jewish Community of Zemun

Fotographing the cemetery during 2003.


List of photos: on the website

Additional Comments (a prose description of the site highlighting important features and circumstances is extremely useful and recommended):

Position of cemetery enables visitors to enter from two opposite directions to the site; from 32,Cara Dusana St. and from 5, Sibinjanina Janka St. Entrance from Sibinjanina Janka St. is entrance to our chapel and there is also an entrance in 7, Sibinjanina Janka St. for visitors of Catholic and Orthodox graves. Our graveyard is not separated from other two with any fence.

The Jewish cemetery in Zemun is particularly characterized by exceptionally high number of trees that do not endanger the monuments. The monuments are generally in good condition, especially those from the end of 19th century. The older monuments (18th century) are mostly not readable well due to erosion caused by elements and materials used in that period.

Care that we take today about our cemetery is limited with our financial potential. Although there is allways more that can be done we are satisfied for now with the way the community is taking care about it.